10 types of photography that you need to know about

Before you start taking photographs, first you need to know about little bit more about the different branches of photography. Knowing the basics will really help you when it comes to finding your unique style. You might be be surprised by the wide range of photos online, sometimes it can be difficult to know where to start. For example, It took me quite a while to realise that my unique style is natural forms, and even when I did, sometimes there were still too many possible photographic opportunities for me to choose from. You have to learn to refine what you see and pick out the best possible photos, sometimes it is the little things that make a big difference. Knowing what your style is is quite instinctual and down to personal taste, but you don’t need to know that to take good photos. Sometimes the best photos come from not knowing.

There are so many different types of photographs, here are some of the most popular ones:

  1. Portraits
Photo by Elizeu Dias on Unsplash

Now there aren’t many people who don’t know what a portrait is but if you didn’t know then a portrait is a photograph(or other artistic media) of a person, especially one depicting their face or head and shoulders. Portraiture is a very popular type of photography and one of the most well known, but did you know that portraits are more about displaying a person’s personality than their physical appearance? The artist uses pose, expression, backdrop and lighting to express a personality. When taking portraits for other people professionally, you meet lots of new people but you don’t need to be a professional to enjoy portraiture(I would recommend this to someone who is sociable and enjoys being around people).

2. Landscapes

Photo by Bailey Zindel on Unsplash

Landscape photography is the art of capturing nature and the great outdoors. The aim is to transport the viewer to the scene. From grand landscapes to intimate details, the greatest photographers demonstrate and apply their own personal connection to nature and capture the essence of the wondrous world around them. Landscape photography means different things to each individual the definition is very broad, why put limits and creative boundaries? This may seem to defeat the object of photography categorisation but it is actually a good thing because it drives us forward and helps us to improve our photos. When taking a photograph of a landscape, you may have to wait for minutes or hours, patience is very important if you are trying to take up this type of photography. The best landscape photographers understand that the perfect moment can only last a very short time; factors that affect the quality of your photo are weather, time of day, position… Truly understanding when to walk away and when to stay and wait. You will not always have the right opportunity so you may walk away with nothing.(perseverance and patience are very important when pursuing a photo).

3. Macro

Photo by Boris Smokrovic on Unsplash

Many photographers today are eager to learn the art of Macro photography after seeing the growing number of beautiful images of plants and animals of all kinds. With the right skills, you will be able to capture fabulous images from as close as your back garden. However, macro photography is quite challenging, especially for beginners, despite it being the most rewarding of all the genres. So what is macro photography? It is the study and capture of very small creatures, such as bugs or flowers. You can take macro photography anywhere as long as you use a sufficient magnification. It has a very strict definition so some photographers call their photos of larger animals Macro when they are really close-ups. (I would recommend this to someone who has more time to spend learning techniques and will not give up).

4. Wildlife

Photo by Erik Karits on Unsplash

Wildlife Photography is a genre that records various animals in their natural habitat. As well as requiring photography skills, wildlife capturing also requires considerable field skills and knowledge of animals. In the past, it was extremely difficult to capture wildlife because of slow lenses and low sensitivity. A photographer is first and most importantly a witness to wildlife. It is important to respect your model and not interfere with its behaviour (I would recommend this to a naturalist or someone who likes animals).

5. Still Life

Photo by Garreth Paul on Unsplash

Still life is a unique genre of photography, it uses everyday items (inanimate items) and turns them into a deep piece of art. By experimenting with different arrangements, lighting, and compositions, still life photographers can breathe life into their subjects. It offers the freedom to arrange objects any way you wish. A lot of emphasis is put on the arrangement of the items and other influences, making it a great genre to help you advance your photography skills. You don’t have to deal with live models, and you don’t have to search out an interesting location or opportunity. Instead, you can create your own interesting composition using common objects you have or find nearby.(I would recommend this to someone who has limited resources / time).

6. Travel

Photo by Jovyn Chamb on Unsplash

Travel photography is perhaps one of the most exciting genres, it is not only intensely satisfying when you get the perfect picture but for those who enjoy new experiences, travelling is full of them. In my opinion, there is nothing more exiting than experiencing new cultures. Travel photography can become a full-time job, if you are focussed enough, it is the act of photographing while travelling. The goal is to capture the locations you visit and the adventures you experience: is a combination of all different genres. Travel Photography requires a lot of pre-preparation, location, equipment correct time and weather it also requires a lot of moving around so is usually not suitable for someone who has a family or has a full-time job.

7. Cityscapes

Photo by ben o’bro on Unsplash

Cityscape photography is a genre that captures urban landscapes, particularly skylines. They can be shot from a range of vantage points, you can capture both day and night depending on your equipment. Effective cityscapes often reveal an unusual detail that has remained undiscovered until you decide to turn your lens upon the subject. For people who live in the city, this so the perfect opportunity to improve their skills but also create epic photos in your home environment.

8. Sports (action)

Photo by Jeffrey F Lin on Unsplash

Sports photography is difficult for even the most advanced photographer. It requires specialist lenses to capture the action at just the right moment. Sports photography is seen less and less now days, but it could make your photography portfolio really stand out. It is certainly a unique style but it requires quite a bit of work. It is hard to get a good shot without adequate equipment and the smallest mistake can ruin a shot. However, if you think that this is for you and you are willing to put the work in, then what’s stopping you from having a go? (This might be more appealing to sports fans).

9. Fashion

Photo by Tamara Bellis on Unsplash

Fashion Photography is everywhere so Fashion photography is very common. It is a good type of photography especially if you are looking to get a job for photography. It is also a wonderful and popular topic if you are thinking of starting a blog. So what is Fashion photography? Fashion photography is a genre of photography which is devoted to displaying clothing and other fashion items. Fashion photography is most often used for advertisements or fashion magazines.

10. Architecture

Photo by Kinshuk Bose on Unsplash

Photography that focuses more on buildings and structures; it includes interior and exterior. Architecture is all about composition and how you display your subject, this changes the mood and perspective of the image. You can spoil a beautiful, dynamic photo if you don’t know the correct techniques. This is a diverse and wonderful style, suitable for everyone, but I would recommend it to someone who can travel far enough to take a photo.

This is just the beginning for you if you are an aspiring photographer. There are so many more things that you can learn and so many different opportunities that are open to you. The photography journey is different for everyone but you have to embrace it and enjoy every moment.

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